Séminaire Philippe Flajolet
Symmetric functions and interacting particle processes
Macdonald polynomials are a family of symmetric functions that are known to have remarkable connections to a well-studied particle model called the asymmetric simple exclusion process (ASEP). The modified Macdonald polynomials are obtained from the classical Macdonald polynomials using an operation called plethysm. It is natural to ask whether the modified Macdonald polynomials are related to some other particle system.
We answer this question in the affirmative with a certain multispecies totally asymmetric zero-range process (TAZRP). This link motivated a new tableaux formula for modified Macdonald polynomials. We present a Markov process on those tableaux that projects to the TAZRP and derive formulas for stationary probabilities and certain correlations, proving a remarkable symmetry property. We also discuss some specializations of the tableaux formulas coming from ASEP and TAZRP to obtain some classical results. This talk is based on joint work with Arvind Ayyer and James Martin.